Introduction: Anorectal malformations are commonly associated with craniospinal abnormalities like hydrocephalus, tethered cord syndrome, occult spinal dysraphism, syringomyelia, meningomyelocele and Arnold Chiari malformation. Aim of our study was to identify the incidence of craniospinal anomalies in patients with anorectal malformation and to analyse utility of Ultrasound and MRI as a screening tool in these patients to detect such anomalies. Material and Method: 52 infants male and female of anorectal malformation were included. All underwent ultrasonography of brain and spinal cord and 27 patients underwent MRI to detect craniospinal anomalies. Result: Out of 52 cases 38
Goldenhar Syndrome with Imperforate Anus: New Association or Coincidence!
Goldenhar Syndrome with Imperforate Anus: New Association or Coincidence! | SpringerLink
Cloacal exstrophy is a rare condition characterized by a defect in the abdominal wall with extrusion of malformed abdominal contents. The normal separation of the genitourinary and gastrointestinal systems does not occur. While patients with cloacal exstrophy have a high incidence of spinal defects, cranial defects are rare. Chiari malformation has been rarely reported in children with cloacal exstrophy, although the embryogenesis is unknown. In this report, the authors describe a child with cloacal exstrophy and a large myelocystocele. The child also had an extensive Chiari II malformation.
The site navigation utilizes arrow, enter, escape, and space bar key commands. Up and Down arrows will open main level menus and toggle through sub tier links. Enter and space open menus and escape closes them as well. Tab will move on to the next part of the site rather than go through menu items.
We explored the prevalence of syringomyelia in a series of cases of fetal dysraphism and hindbrain crowding, of gestational age ranging from Secondary injury was not uncommon, with vernicomyelia in Chiari malformations, infarct like histology, or old hemorrhage in 8 cases of syringomyelia. Vernicomyelia did not occur in the absence of syrinx formation. The syringes extended from the sites of dysraphism, in ascending or descending patterns. The syringes were usually in a major proportion anatomically distinct from a dilated or denuded central canal and tended to be dorsal and paramedian or median.